Vol. 59 (2016)

Vol. 59′s Forum Section evaluates the Paris Climate Agreement. 

The Focus Section presents several “frozen conflicts” (Crimea, Nagorno-Karabakh, Moldova, Kosovo, Western Sahara, and Cyprus). Their historical development is assessed and their interaction with public international law and EU law and politics are explored. 

The General Articles Section deals with the foundations of customary international law, ambiguity in law, the international crime of genocide, Certain Iranian Assets, EU Trade Agreements, and other subjects.

The German Practice Section takes up several decisions of Germany’s Federal Constitutional Court as well as of its Federal Court of Justice relating to questions of international and EU law. It furthermore explores Germany’s actions during its term of Chairmanship of the OSCE, deals with the question of whether it may designate the Maghreb States as ‘safe third countries’, evaluates the as yet unresolved border dispute with the Netherlands in the Ems estuary, and examines legal reactions to the Germanwings disaster.

We thank all of our authors for making this volume possible.


German Yearbook of International Law Vol. 59 (2016) - Contents

Forum – Paris Climate Agreement

Jorge E. Viñuales
The Paris Agreement on Climate Change: Less is More

11- 45

Focus – Frozen Conflicts: How Does PIL Deal with Them?

Thomas D. Grant
Three Years After Annexation: Of ‘Frozen Conflicts’ and How to Charaterise Crimea


49- 79

Milena Sterio
Self-Determination and Secession Under International Law: Nagorno-Karabakh


81- 113

Christopher J. Borgen
Moldova: Law and Complex Crises in a Systemic Borderland


115- 161

Enrico Milano
Unfreezing and Settling the Conflict over Kosovo


163- 186

Juan Soroeta
The Conflict in Western Sahara After Forty Years of Occupation: International Law versus Realpolitik


187- 221

Nikos Skoutaris
The Paradox of the Europeanisation of Intrastate Conflicts


223- 253

General Articles

Andreas Kulick
From Problem to Opportunity? An Analytical Framework for Vagueness and Ambiguity in International Law


257- 288

Lando Kirchmair
What Came First: The Obligation or the Belief? A Renaissance of Consensus Theory to Make the Normative Foundations of Customary International Law More Tangible


289- 319

Paul Behrens
The Crime of Genocide and the Problem of Subjective Substantiality


321- 353

Philipp Janig & Sara Mansour Fallah
Certain Iranian Assets: The Limits of Anti-Terrorism Measures in Light of State Immunity and Standards of Treatment


355- 389

Christoph Schewe
Clearing up? Transparency in the Dispute Settlement of International Trade Agreements


391- 433

Lilian Richieri Hanania
The Social Dimension of Sustainable Development in EU Trade Agreements: Strengthening International Labour Standards


435- 465

German Practice

Thomas Giergerich
In Germany International Law may be Honoured in the Breach: The Federal Constitutional Court Gives the Legislature Carte Blanche to Override Treaties

469- 498

Felix Telschow
“Gliding O’er All”: Human Dignity and Constitutional Identity in the Federal Constitutional Court’s Recent Jurisprudence

499- 515

Mareike Nürnberg & David Schenk
Deployment of Soldiers for the Protection of Nationals Abroad and Inner-State Justification: The German Federal Constitutional Court’s Decision on the Operation of German Military in Libya

517- 532

Berenike Schriewer
The German Federal Constitutional Court’s First Reference for a Preiminary Ruling to the European Court of Justice: A 2016 Follow-Up

533- 539

Isabell Böhm
Genocide in Rwanda: The Judgment of Frankfurt’s Higher Regional Court Against a Former Rwandan Mayor of 29 December 2015

541- 554

Jens Kaiser
German Chairmanship of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe in 2016

555- 570

Avril Rushe & Joschka Peters-Wunnenberg
Are the Maghreb States ‘Safe’?

571- 592

Sebastian tho Pesch
Finding a Solution Without Addressing the Problem: The 2014 Ems-Dollard Treaty

593- 601

Marcus Schladebach
The Germanwings Disaster: Legal Debates and Consequences

603- 613

Thomas Hoppe
The German Federal Court of Justice Marks a Possible Way for the CJEU’s Preliminary Ruling: The Compatibility of Investment Arbitration Clauses in Intra-EU Bilateral Investment Treaties with European Union Law

615- 624

Book Reviews

Michael Bowman/Peter Davies/Edward Goodwin (eds.): Research Handbook on Biodiversity and Law (van Doorn)   627
Eric de Brabandere: Investment Treaty Arbitration as Public International Law – Procedural Aspects and Implications (Hoppe)   631
Stuart Casey-Maslen/Andrew Clapham/Gilles Giacca/Sarah Parker: The Arms Trade Treaty: A Commentary (Brandes)   634
Alice Edwards/Laura van Waas (eds.): Nationality and Statelessness under International Law (Forlati)   636
Yves Haeck/Oswaldo Ruiz-Chiriboga/Clara Burbano-Herrera (eds.): The Inter-American Court of Human Rights: Theory and Practice, Present and Future (Stöckle)   638
Pierre Hauck/Sven Peterke (eds.): International Law and Transnational Organised Crime (Salvadego)   640
Gro Nystuen/Stuart Casey-Maslen/Annie Golden Bersagel (eds.): Nuclear Weapons under International Law (Schöberl)   645
Ben Saul (ed.): The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: Travaux Préparatoires 1948-1966 (Roeder)   648
Yuval Shany: Questions of Jurisdiction and Admissibility before International Courts (Gozie Ogbodo)   650
Malcolm Shaw: Rosenne’s Law and Practice of the International Court 1920-2015 (Zimmermann)   653
Katja Weigelt: Die Auswirkung der Bekämpfung des internationalen Terrorismus auf die staatliche Souveränität (How the war against international terrorism affects State sovereignty (Mührel)   656